The four types of drum rudiments

To have a wide repertoire of solos and fills, you need to learn different drum rudiments. In this article, you will learn about the different types of drum rudiments such as drag rudiments, flam rudiments, diddle or para-diddle rudiments, and roll rudiments. You will also know its basic features and how to play them. So let’s keep the drum rolling!

Drag rudiments are basic drum patterns that you should learn. They support other rudiments for their rhythm. You can play them around the kit, not just on the box. The drag is an accented stroke preceded by a double stroke. They are different from diddle simply because of how they time the notes. With diddle, you are playing the notes as fast as the accent (“L RR L, R LL R”). However, in drag, you are playing two notes with the same hand (RR) or (LL) twice the velocity of the other. Drag basics help you develop good timing, especially on double hits. However, you don’t want a buzz, but crisp double notes. To do this, play the first note with your wrist and the next with your fingers. Do this while your other hand marks a constant quarter beat. There are different types of drag rudiments such as: drag, single / double drag touch, and drag-a-diddle.

The basics of Flam are useful during warfare as signals for soldiers. Now, they are famous among the military and marching bands because of their great rolls and solos. There are four types of flam basics: inverted flam tap, para-diddle-diddle flam, flam drag, and the Swiss army triplet. They consist of two hits played closely together, forming a long note. The left hand plays the “grace” note while the right hand accentuates it with a louder note.

The rudiments of diddle or para-diddle are: simple para-diddle, double para-diddle, triple para-diddle and the para-diddle-diddle. He is known for a rapid succession of alternating blows coming from left and right hand blows followed by a double blow like this: RLRR LRLLR. It is much slower than roll. You can do to-play by alternating between your cymbals and your traps. This is a great way to create great combos and tricks.

Rolling rudiments are continuous, sustained sounds much like those heard from a motorcycle engine. There are different kinds of rocking rudiments, such as single hit rudiments, multiple bounce, open double hit, five hit, six hit, seven hit, nine hit, ten hit, the eleven-hitting, the thirteen-hitting, the fifteen-hitting roll and the seventeen-hitting roll. Most marching bands use these rudiments.

It takes a lot of control to play these rudiments. For example, the flam requires two quick hits, not one buzz. For a great para-diddle, you need proper timing between the notes. Roll Basics will make your wrist ache but flexible in the long run. Like any other hobby or activity, these exercises have one goal in mind: to get you in top shape by observing the proper form of play.

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